Friday, January 13, 2006

Russia to Start Construction of Floating Nuclear Power Plant in 2006 - MONEY - MOSNEWS.COM

Russia to Start Construction of Floating Nuclear Power Plant in 2006 - MONEY - MOSNEWS.COM

Created: 13.01.2006 12:51 MSK (GMT +3), Updated: 12:51 MSK
, 3 hours 25 minutes ago

The practical implementation of the floating nuclear power plant project will start in 2006, read an official statement of the Russian Federal Agency for Atomic Energy — Rosatom — that was published on Thursday, Jan. 12.“In 2006, the Rosenergoatom (Russian state concern for the production of electric and heat energy at nuclear plants) will start the practical implementation of the project of a pioneer floating nuclear heating and power plant of small capacity (NHPP of SC) in Severodvinsk,” a Rosatom representative was quoted by the Itar-Tass agency. “Before New Year’s Eve, a directorate of floating nuclear power plants under construction was set up in Rosenergoatom, which is the concern’s subsidiary and which will be overseeing the work to build the first NHPP,” Rosatom noted. The former deputy presidential representative in the Volga Federal District, Sergey Obozov, has been appointed director of this department and deputy director-general of the concern.Rosatom stressed that the project of the pioneer NHPP of small capacity based on a floating generating set (FGS) with KLT-40S reactor blocks “has been completed and is ready for practical implementation”. The project will be implemented according to the federal targeted-development program called “Energy-efficient economy for 2002-2005 and in the long term up to 2010”. It is planned to station standard models of the plant at platforms at the Vilyuchinsk closed administrative-territorial entity in the Kamchatka region, as well as in the town of Pivek in the Chukotka Autonomous Area, Rosatom specified.Rosatom explained that the plant’s life cycle, including its construction, use, major repairs of the floating generating set, its recycling and training of personnel, “will be fully ensured by the current infrastructure of the Russian nuclear industry”. The floating generating set will be built at a shipbuilding enterprise and will be commissioned fully ready for use. It will be serviced by way of shifts which will be changed every four months. Work needed to reload nuclear fuel and store spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste will be carried out on board the NHPP. The major repairs of the floating generating set will be carried out at a shipbuilding enterprise. Rosatom also specified that “the personnel will be trained at the navy training centre in Obninsk in the Kaluga region, where study rooms and a training machine have now been reserved”.Rosatom noted that “the projects of reactor blocks for floating NPPs (FNPP) of 3 to 40 MW capacity for work in the conditions of the extreme north, Kamchatka and Far East have been developed” at the Afrikantova experimental design office of mechanical engineering in Nizhniy Novgorod. The cost of building a floating NPP with a capacity of 3 MW amounts to just $20 million. The service life of such a floating NPP is 50 years. Fuel is reloaded once every 10-12 years.Rosatom noted that “the [degree of] enrichment of uranium in fuel for such floating NPPs is less than 20 percent, which meets the IAEA’s [International Atomic Energy Agency] requirements on non-proliferation and ensures the possibility of export use of such plants by Russia”.


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